Aviation is another research area where eye tracking methodology can help to investigate and improve the interaction between a user (i.e., the pilot and/or co-pilot) and an interactive system (i.e., the instruments in the cockpit) while moving through space. Among the most important aspects considered in this field of research are a pilot’s:
- Situation awareness and
while solving different tasks during different segments of flight.
To quantify these metrics, eye tracking data are combined with other measurements, such as changes in heart rate, head movements, or skin conductance. These data may help in determining both, the mental workload of a pilot, and her situation awareness by analyzing the distribution and sequence of visual attention on certain elements of the cockpit.
In a second step, the obtained insights on visual search strategies in the cockpit will be used to develop new training methods allowing for a more efficient and more effective pilot training. This faces the problem of declining performance or loss of situation awareness caused by high mental workload.